Head of Department – Miss R Smith

Curriculum Intent, Implementation and Impact in Geography


Introduction to subject

Geography teaching follows the National Curriculum.  The Geography department is the window to our changing world.  From our small corner of St Martin’s we can glimpse and then study in-depth issues such as the local and global environments, weather, where and how we live, issues of sustainability and global issues such as natural hazards and climate change.  Our lessons also take inspiration from current events such as the Russia/Ukraine conflict, migration and the history of the Palestine/Israel conflict.  Our students investigate plastic in our oceans and the disappearing rainforests looking at the human and physical impacts of this across the world.

Why is the study of Geography important?
  • To provide students with the skills to understand our changing world.
  • To be able to discuss and debate on issues that will/do concern their futures.
  • To be able to read and analyse maps, graphs and data information.
  • To be able to use geographical language.
  • To encourage extended writing skills.
  • To highlight the importance of critical thinking and be able to question their opinions.
  • To understand that our world is physically changing and how this impacts us.
  • To understand the human development of the world and the impacts this has socially, economically and environmentally.
  • To look at the past history of the planet through science and historical information.
  • To know the structure of the Earth and how this impacts environments.
How does the study of Geography develop your skills, knowledge and understanding?
  • Fieldtrips out of school and within the school grounds to develop an awareness of our surroundings and how they are/were created and are changing.
  • Basic geography skills incorporated into schemes of work (SOW) such as map reading, grid references and lines of latitude/longitude.
  • Use of IT skills to encourage independent learning/research and write up skills.
  • Use of data to encourage maths in geography including mean, mode and median.
  • Regional, national and global scale concepts using London, UK and Russia as some of our examples.
  • Incorporating the physical and human cause and effect theory in geography.
  • Enquiry based work to search for a deeper understanding in geographical matters.
How are students assessed in Geography?
  • Students are assessed at the end of each unit of work at Key Stage 3.  Assessments are in the format of a GCSE Geography exam paper.
  • Students are given retrieval/recall tasks throughout units of work, within lessons, to help maintain their understanding of current and previous topics.
  • At Key Stage 4 students are assessed mid term and at the end of each term.  Retrieval questions are incorporated into these assessments to help recall information from previous units of work as well as the current units they are working on.
  • At Key Stage 5 we assess through exam questions, assessment and retrieval tasks.  These are done on a regular basis, weekly, fortnightly and end of unit.
  • Books are marked regularly to assess classwork.

All students complete reflection and correction tasks in respect of their assessments to help improve for future assessing.

What does the curriculum plan for Geography look like?

The curriculum at Key Stage 3 follows the National Curriculum.  It incorporates a variety of topics that are both current and relevant but also looks at the past and future to recognise the changes occurring across the world.

The curriculum at Key Stage 4 follows the AQA Geography specification over a two-year period.

The curriculum at Key Stage 5 follows the Edexcel A-level course over a two-year period.

How does Geography support learning in other areas of the curriculum?

Our topics of work at all stages and especially at Key Stage 3 support a vast range of subjects to encourage skills for future development in any area of study.

We encourage ‘SPAG’ (spelling, punctuation and grammar) and extended writing tasks throughout our lessons to support literacy skills.

Many of our topics allow for science-based themes to be included i.e. biology.

Throughout our schemes of work, we cover different cultures, religions and key terms that support the learning of PRE, deepening and widening the knowledge of diversity.

At Key Stage 3, 4 and 5 we use many forms of mathematical skills including graphs, charts, averages, mean, mode, medium and at a higher-level statistical analysis in the form of Spearmans Rank, Chi Squared etc.

We have lessons based around IT to encourage experience with research and creating data presentation techniques, GIS images and other programme skills such PowerPoint and Word.

How can students extend and deepen their knowledge in Geography?

Students are given many opportunities for independent research which allows them to create projects and fact files on subjects related to the topics we cover.  We also encourage students to attend fieldtrips where we can give them the experience of seeing different environments both human and physical to coincide with their classroom learning.

We encourage the reading of newspapers, watching media events/documentaries and news stories to further their knowledge on subjects that interest them but ones that fit into their units of work.

How does Geography link to the world of work?

Geography is a broad-based subject that allows students to grow into global citizens that have a good understanding of how the world works considering human and physical aspects.  The knowledge acquired through geography lessons brings an understanding of how to be empathetic towards others of all ethnicities, cultures and backgrounds.  It gives a wider insight into how the economy works and how inequality around the world is not just for the developing countries.  The understanding of how we interact with our world gives students a good grounding for being confident and articulate in worldly matters that employers are encouraged by and respect.

How does Geography link the three strands of our core values?
Traditional Values
Learning For The Future
Outstanding Personal Achievement

In geography we link to the National Curriculum which identifies ‘British Values’.  Our schemes of work encourage mutual respect through understanding and educating, respect of everyone no matter what background they are from and tolerance towards everyone no matter what their opinions are.


Learning about how the world is changing and how we will need to adapt and mitigate future scenarios such as climate change, are deeply imbedded into our lessons.  We are constantly updating and introducing a broad variety of new topics that are both current and looking to the future.  We always encourage positivity but honesty in what the future may hold.


This is done through personal target setting which allows students to know where their strengths and weaknesses are.  Progress can be made through following challenge tasks to encourage higher thinking.  It is also always promoted in geography, that inclusion and diversity are things to celebrate, and in turn this will help our students achieve for the future.